The Elegance of the Hedgehog, by Muriel Barbery


Purchased at

Translated from the French by Alison Anderson

The Elegance of the Hedgehog is one of those intriguing publishing success stories that come along every year or two, riding a wave of word-of-mouth support onto bestseller lists. A check at today shows it at #111 overall and #22 in literary fiction, impressive numbers for a book that has been out for more than 18 months. I’m willing to bet that a lot of book clubs are reading The Elegance of the Hedgehog this year — and part of me can understand why.

Those kind of novels are not my normal fare, but I do venture into the territory occasionally (and not just in prize competitions). Actually, with Muriel Barbery it started out as an inadvertent detour — I picked up Gourmet Rhapsody (reviewed here) a few months ago since its premise (the death of a miserable food critic) interested me. I assumed it was Barbery’s second novel, but a helpful correction in comments from Claire set me right: second translated into English, but first in the writing. This book is novel number two for the author.

The “hedgehog” of the title is 54-year-old Renee Michel:

For twenty-seven years I have been the concierge at number 7, rue de Grenelle, a fine hotel particulier with a courtyard and private gardens, divided into eight luxury apartments, all of which are inhabited, all of which are immense. I am a widow, I am short, ugly and plump, I have bunions on my feet and, if I am to credit certain early mornings of self-inflicted disgust, the breath of a mammoth. I did not go to college, I have always been poor, discreet, and insignificant.

Because I am rarely friendly — though always polite — I am not liked, but am tolerated nonetheless: I correspond so very well to what social prejudice has collectively construed to be a typical French concierge that I am one of the multiple cogs that make the great universal illusion turn, the illusion according to which life has a meaning that can be easily deciphered.

The narrative stream centred on Mme Michel is told in the first person and it does not take long to discover that she does not regard her concierge’s small loge as a prison cell, but rather a castle. She has chosen isolation as a form of protection and is quite happy to have only one friend, a Portugese cleaning lady in the same building who stops by each day for tea. While born a peasant, she is intelligent and has an aptitude for self-education — she is well read, knows her philosophers and her music. The wealthy residents of the building are more than willing to treat her as a grumpy, if polite, servant and that suits Renee’s purpose just fine.

The second narrative stream of the book features Paloma Josse, the twelve-and-a-half-year-old daughter of one of the resident families — her father is a former government minister. She hates her older sister, mother and father (pretty much in that order) and all that they represent:

We are, basically, programmed to believe in something that doesn’t exist, because we are living creatures; we don’t want to suffer. So we spend all our energy persuading ourselves that there are things that are worthwhile and that that is why life has meaning. I may be very intelligent, but I don’t know how much longer I’m going to be able to struggle against this biological tendency. When I join the adults in the rat race, will I still be able to confront this feeling of absurdity? I don’t think so. That is why I’ve made up my mind: at the end of the school year, on the day I turn thirteen, June sixteenth, I will commit suicide.

Before taking her leave, however, Paloma intends to complete two sets of documents: Profound Thoughts and Journal of the Movement of the World.

Her story is also told in the first person in the form of these documents. As a reader you have to be willing to accept that this pre-teen is wise well beyond her years — I found it difficult at times, but was willing to give the author licence.

In fact, that contrast of two individuals of significantly different ages who have chosen isolation as their place in the world is the strongest part of the book. Renee’s choice was made because of a traumatic family incident in childhood — while she never actually says it “no good comes from trying to rise above your station” would pretty much sum up her world view. Barbery is less clear with Paloma’s motivation: the trauma of approaching adulthood is probably the best explanation.

Of course, for the novel to go anywhere these two characters are going to have to be engaged with the world. That comes with the arrival of Kakuro Ozu as a new resident in the building — he is a Japanese film director whose work Renee knows well. It isn’t a spoiler to say that the three eventually form a bond but I’ll leave those details out.

For this reader, The Elegance of the Hedgehog is not without its problems. The choice of June 16 (that would be Bloomsday) as Paloma’s birth-death date provides one illustration. Renee’s cat is named Leo (after Tolstoy); Ozu’s are Levin and Kitty. Barbery spends most of her time in Japan now so there is a whole set of Japanese references that passed me right by. My issue is that the author uses these as a kind of literacy legitimacy checklist (“did you get the one about whomever” I am sure is a frequent book club observation) rather than to add depth to the story. They arrive with often clumsy frequency and start to very much get in the way of the better parts of the book.

A more serious problem is that Barbery uses her parallel first-person narratives as an excuse to explore ideas about Art, Beauty and Meaning (she doesn’t always use capital letters, but often does). While that is a laudable objective, most of them do tend to read like the thoughts of a concierge or pre-teen, which is what probably made the capital letters necessary. Again, things to be talked about after you have read the book but, for me at least, not much food for thought.

All of which leaves me reacting to this novel very much in the way that I did to Gourmet Rhapsody. Parts of it are quite good and that central theme of isolation is attractive. Barbery writes originally in French and is more than competent at creating those wonderful, cascading sentences that distinguish French fiction. Unfortunately, too often the book wanders into muddy diversions that add little and leave one waiting for them to end.

I am somewhat surprised to see this book on the IMPAC shortlist, given their recent winners. The last four — Man Gone Down, DeNiro’s Game, Out Stealing Horses and The Master — all come from a much edgier part of the literary world than this novel. While I can certainly understand why many readers like this book very much (even if I am not as enthusiastic), I would be very surprised if the jury agrees with that assessment. Of course, I have been wrong before.

16 Responses to “The Elegance of the Hedgehog, by Muriel Barbery”

  1. Anna van Gelderen Says:

    I was rather disappointed by this novel, when I read it last year. The voices of both Renée and Paloma sounded phony to me; they came across more like mouthpieces for Barbery’s Great Thoughts than like convincing characters and probably because of this the Great Thoughts began to sound pretentious rather than interesting. This began to irritate me more and more, and unfortunately after a promissing start (I did like it at first) I ended up with a mild dislike for the book. Such a shame, for I had been really looking forward to reading it.


  2. Isabella Says:

    You’ve confirmed my suspicions regarding the Philosophy Light. As much as I wanted to share in the general public’s enthusiasm for this book, I don’t think this is for me.


  3. KevinfromCanada Says:

    Anna: Your response was very similar to mine — the premise of the book is interesting at first but the Great Thoughts (and Cute References) really did get in the way. I was disappointed by that since Barbery does show some significant strengths, but her weaknesses (for me at least) overtake them.


  4. Tom Cunliffe Says:

    I must have a look at this book, as I read her other novel, The Gourmet, which was quite interesting (but not amazing).

    I agree with you that its a little suprising that this book has bee nominated for an award.


  5. Sasha Says:

    Now I am really confused. I’ve been noticing this book pop up in so many book blogs, and though I don’t think it’s my normal fare, I was still very eager to read it. Surprisingly, the book’s being stocked in my country (we’re not really known to be up-to-date with new releases, gah)–and the past week I’ve been staring at it on the shelves, picking it up, and putting it back down.


  6. KevinfromCanada Says:

    TomC: I think on reflection that I liked her other book better — both are adequate, but neither is great.
    Sasha: I wish I could help with your confusion. I suspect if you have concerns, you probably are not going to like the book. On the other hand, maybe the things that caused me problems will not be of concern to you. Sorry that I can’t be helpful.


    • Sasha Says:

      I gave in. The book was too brand-spanking-new and shiny and it just beckoned me. Dammit. Now that I own it–paid money for it!–I expect it to knock my socks off, haha.


  7. Isabel Says:

    Both of her novels are going to be read for our book club.

    I’ll let you know what we think.


    • KevinfromCanada Says:

      Interesting that you are reading them both, Isabel — have you decided in what order? One aspect that I think your book club in New Orleans will bring to the table is the French background which is very much part of the heritage there and in these books. Much of what Barbery explores is centred on that.


  8. Isabel Says:

    It’s funny how it happened.

    One member selected Hedgehog, another nominated Gourmet.

    We were supposed to read Gourmet for the April meeting, but the meeting was cancelled. So, we are discussing both in the May meeting.


  9. Michael Levin Says:

    A deeply pretentious book. The author is no novelist. She just puts her own thoughts into the mouths of a young girl and a middle-aged concierge.
    Do people really like this book? I suspect they pretend to like it because they’re taken in by the veneer of intellectuality.


  10. KevinfromCanada Says:

    Michael: You are certainly entitled to your opinion, but I think it might be a bit harsh. After all, don’t novelists put thoughts in the mouths of their characters by definition? And while I was ambivalent about the book, I am pretty sure that those who do like it (and there are a lot of them) genuinely like it. Although I would agree that there is an air of pretentiousness to it that borders on being annoying.


  11. Guy Savage Says:

    I wished the novel had concentrated more on the housekeeper. I had a more difficult time with the child-narrator. I gave my copy to a friend who absolutely loved it.


  12. KevinfromCanada Says:

    Guy: I have to admit I don’t remember much about this book — delighted to hear you found a good home for your copy. Obviously, there are readers who really like the book and more power to them.


  13. Guy Savage Says:

    The author had a really generous, positive world vision for this book, and that seems to be some of its appeal.


  14. Andrea Says:

    My mother gave me Hedgehog to read. She loved it; I didn’t, for many of the same reasons you give.

    One mistake in your review: the Mr. Ozu who moves in is not the filmmaker Ozu whose oeuvre Renee loves so much. I can’t remember exactly what he is (an architect? head of a company?).


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